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Publications by Other Movement Leaders


William Clayton

Declaration of Atlantic Unity, 1954

GATT, The Marshall Plan and OECD

The Importance of International Economic Relations to World Peace, Proceedin
gs of the Academy of Political Science, Vol. 22, No. 1, Labor Policy and Labor Relations, (May, 1946) pp. 96-107.

For more on William Clayton, see:

Ferald J. Bryan, George C. Marshall at Harvard: A Study of the Origins and Construction of the "Marshall Plan" Speech, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 3, Ordered Liberty (Summer, 1991), pp. 489-502.

Gregory A. Fossedal and Bill Mikhail, A Modest Magician: Will Clayton and the Rebuilding of Europe, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 76, No. 3 (May-Jun., 1997), pp. 195-199.

Ellen Clayton Garwood, Clayton Leads for Atlantic Union.

Monnet Lauds Clayton's Vision, Summer 1957.

Clarence Streit, Will Clayton 1880-1966 Atlantic Union Pioneer, Freedom & Union, March 1966.

Richard Toye, Developing Multilateralism: The Havana Charter and the Fight for the International Trade Organization, 1947-1948, The International History Review, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Jun., 2003), pp. 282-305.

Gregory A. Fossedal, Biography: Our Finest Hour: Will Clayton, the Marshall Plan, and the Triumph of Democracy


Robert Strausz-Hupé

The Vision of an Atlantic Federation, Freedom & Union, Vol. 16, No.5, May 1961, pp. 20-24.

Norman Angell

Angell Sums Up at 85-Urges Union of West, Freedom & Union, Vol. 13, No.12, December 1958, pp. 7-11.

The Political Conditions of Allied Success: A Plea for the Protective Union of Democracies (1918)

Theodore Achilles

Ambassador Achilles Answers Senators, Freedom & Union, Vol. 21, No.5, May 1966, pp. 16-18.

For more on Theodore Achilles, see:

Wiebes, Cee and Zeeman, Bert, The Pentagon Negotiations March 1948: the Launching of the North Atlantic Treaty, International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 59, No. 3 (Summer, 1983), pp. 351-363.

Christian A. Herter

Atlantic Unification Will Have to be Based on Some Form of Federal Principles, Freedom & Union, Vol. 21, No. 6, pp. 16-17.

Atlantica, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 41, No. 2 (Jan., 1963), pp. 299-309.

The Rule of Law in the Atlantic Community, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 111, No. 7 (May, 1963), pp. 884-891.

H. Field Haviland, Jr., Building a Political Community, International Organization, Vol. 17, No. 3, The Atlantic Community: Progress and Prospects (Summer, 1963), pp. 733-752.


Owen J. Roberts

Background for Atlantic Union: A Study of International Federalism: Its Implications and Possibilities in Our Times, Bulletin of the American Association of University Professors, vol. 36, No. 4 (Winter, 1950), pp. 694-713.

What Should Follow from NATO?, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 288, NATO and World Peace (Jul., 1953), pp. 231-237.


For more on Owen J. Roberts, see:


Clarence K. Streit, Owen J. Roberts and Atlantic Union, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 104, No. 3 (Dec., 1985), pp. 354-367.

Philip Kerr (Lord Lothian)

Pacifism is not Enough, nor Patriotism Either, 1935

The Ending of Armageddon, 1939

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